Geographic Information System

A geographic information system is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of geographical data. A geographic information system (GIS) integrates hardware, software and data for capturing, managing, analyzing and displaying all forms of geographically referenced information.

GIS allows to view, understand, query, interpret and visualize data in many ways that reveal relationships, patterns, and trends in the form of maps, globes, reports and charts.

In other words, GIS is to take the world in computer environment in your palm.
Each event occuring in the world has a geographic location. Groundwater and water resources, forests, soil types, minerals, geological formations, wetlands, dry lands, deserts, atmospheric phenomena, vegetation, pets or wild animals, land use, archeological sites, residential areas, their populations, social, economic and cultural conditions, environmental pollution, road and railway accidents, fires, factories, product markets, infrastructure facilities such as water, sewerage, electricity and telephone network..etc. all have geographic locations.

Increase in population, environmental pollution, destruction of forest resources, analysis of meteorological phenomena, urban, environmental and transportation planning, disappearance of agricultural land, problems due to lack of drinking water; are today the most common problems each has geographic feature.

Geographic Information System (GIS) helps to make maps and graphics for use to solve many problems, scenarios production, to examine the results applying a variety of solutions.